Managing Lake County’s Solid Waste
Lake County General Health District serves as an Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-approved enforcement authority charged with regulating solid waste activities in Lake County. Our regulation includes the oversight of the collection, storage, transportation, and final disposal of all solid waste, except hazardous waste. Further information of the various types of waste and more specific functions of the Health District are detailed below.
What is solid waste?
Solid Waste is any unwanted material that results from the community, industry, commercial operations, or agriculture. There are several different types of solid waste and certain disposal methods that are used depending on the type of waste.
- Garbage: This type of waste usually refers specifically to food waste or any waste that is putrescible, or liable to decay. Vegetables, fish, fruit, or meat are examples. The Health District oversees nuisance complaints due to accumulated garbage because it often attracts rats and provides their food source.
- Rubbish: This refers to solid waste other than food waste. It can include paper, rags, rubber, metal, wood, combustibles, or noncombustible materials. Nuisance complaints often result if rubbish is not disposed of properly as well.
- Yard Waste: Grass clippings, tree branches, leaves, and brush are all considered yard waste. Most landfills are not permitted to accept an entire truck load of yard waste because it takes up valuable disposal space and can be properly composted to produce mulch that can be reused in landscaping and flower beds.
- Scrap Tires: Scrap tires are another component of solid waste. However, they are not landfilled at the Lake County Solid Waste Facility. Residents can bring up to 10 car or truck tires (for a fee) to the landfill where they are stored and hauled to a scrap tire disposal facility. Tire retailers, automotive repair operations, and facilities generating large amounts of scrap tires must utilize an approved scrap tire transporter and disposal facility. For more information on scrap tires and for a list of scrap tire transporters, visit the following link: Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) – Scrap Tires.
- Construction and Demolition Debris (C&DD): C&DD is waste that is generated during the construction or demolition of residential, commercial, and industrial structures. There are no licensed C&DD disposal facilities located in Lake County. The following link provides access to a current listing of the licensed facilities, including C&DD landfills, in Ohio: Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The Health District investigates illegal disposal of construction and demolition debris and monitors demolition activities of commercial structures to ensure compliance with disposal requirements and potential recycling of clean hard fill. The following guidance document summarizes the important information that contractors should consider when planning and bidding demolition projects. Demolition Guidance Sheet
- Clean Hard Fill: Clean hard fill means construction and demolition debris which consists only of reinforced or non-reinforced concrete, asphalt concrete, brick, block, tile, and/or stone which can be reutilized as construction material. Brick in clean hard fill includes, but is not limited to, refractory brick and mortar. Clean hard fill does not include materials contaminated with hazardous wastes, solid wastes, or infectious wastes. The OEPA- Clean Hard Fill Fact Sheet provides more information on use and storage. In accordance with OAC- 3745-400-05(C), individuals must provide a written “Notice of Intent to Fill” to the Health Department at least seven (7) days prior to filling with clean hard fill. Form- Notice of Intent to Fill
- Infectious Waste: Infectious waste includes cultures of infectious agents, live vaccines, laboratory wastes that may have been in contact with infectious agents, pathological wastes, human and animal blood specimens, items heavily soiled with blood, and sharps. Sharps are the needles, scalpels, and broken glass articles used in the treatment, diagnosis or inoculation of human beings or animals. Facilities generating more than 50 pounds of infectious waste per month are considered large generators and must be registered with the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The Health District oversees large generators and infectious waste transporters on a complaint basis only. A list of registered large generators can be found at Ohio EPA. Currently, there are two large generators in Lake County that are also infectious waste treatment facilities. Lake County Health District inspects the two treatment facilities quarterly. Further information on infectious waste can be found at Ohio EPA- Infectious Waste.
- Hazardous Waste: Hazardous waste is a waste with properties that make it dangerous or capable of having a harmful effect on human health or the environment. Even common household materials can be hazardous and must be disposed of properly. The link Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) – Household Hazardous Waste provides examples. The Health District does not have regulatory responsibility for the storage and disposal of hazardous wastes or inspection responsibilities for hazardous waste disposal sites. However, the Health District does monitor the activities associated with the Diamond Shamrock Works Site located in the communities of Painesville, Painesville Township, and Fairport Harbor. This site was formerly a chemical manufacturing facility and cleanup of remaining hazardous waste is the responsibility of the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Visit Ohio EPA-Site Cleanup Plans for documents on Diamond Shamrock. To learn the basics of hazardous waste, visit the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
File a Complaint:
To file a solid waste nuisance complaint, visit our Nuisance Complaint page or call (440) 350-2543. For more information on the solid waste program at Lake County General Health District, contact: